TRIPOLI DANS LES MAINS DES REBELLES? ET GHEDAFFI, où est-il?

22 août 2011

Actualités

Libyan state TV off the air after rebels storm HQ as Gaddafi’s forces stage a last stand

  • Gaddafi gestures from a car in one of his last public appearances on April 10 this year

    Almost toppled: Gaddafi gestures from a car in one of his last public appearances on April 10 this year

The development came as Gaddafi went into hiding after rebels seized control of almost all of Tripoli last night in the most successful 24 hours of the entire conflict.

Rebel fighters celebrate as they drive through Tripoli's Qarqarsh district this morning. Elsewhere in the capital pockets of resistance continue against the advance

Rebel fighters celebrate as they drive through Tripoli’s Qarqarsh district this morning. Elsewhere in the capital pockets of resistance continue against the advance

A dead fighter lies in a street in the capital covered with a blanket. Heavy fighting has been taking place close to the presidential compound

A dead fighter lies in a street in the capital covered with a blanket. Heavy fighting has been taking place close to the presidential compound

Libyan rebel fighters stamp on a picture of Gaddafi and point their weapons at it at a checkpoint in Tripoli's Qarqarsh district today

Crushed: Libyan rebel fighters stamp on a picture of Gaddafi and point their weapons at it at a checkpoint in Tripoli’s Qarqarsh district today

Heavy gunfire continues to echo across the city after the encircled Libyan leader’s die-hard loyalists launched a final counter-attack.

Government tanks emerged from the complex, known as Bab al-Aziziya, and began firing shortly after dawn following an assault by rebels.

Sources said that shelling could be heard behind the Bab al-Azizya compound and that the rebels  were ‘in a weaker position’ due to the heavier weapons being used by pro-Gaddafi forces.

Fireworks were the only explosives in Tripoli last night as swathes of residents celebrated the advancement of the rebels. Today, tanks have opened fire on the rebels

Celebrations: Fireworks were the only explosives in Tripoli last night as swathes of residents celebrated the advancement of the rebels. Today, tanks have opened fire on the rebels

Opposition supporters in Tajura, Tripoli, were out in numbers as the noose around Gaddafi's regime tightened

Celebration: Opposition supporters in Tajura, Tripoli, were out in numbers as the noose around Gaddafi’s regime tightened

Thousands of people gathered in central Benghazi last night following the news from Tripoli

Thousands of people gathered in central Benghazi, in the east of the country, last night following the news from Tripoli

Euphoric fighters celebrate with residents of the capital Tripoli, the symbolic heart of the regime, as they advance last night

Making history: Euphoric fighters celebrate with residents of the Tripoli, the symbolic heart of the regime, as the rebel forces continued their advance

s on roads are reported to be travelling from around the country towards to Tripoli  to join in the celebrations. The mood in the capital was the most buyout yet, as residents waved flags and sounded their car horns today.

Mustafa Abdel-Jalil, leader of the National Transitional Council

Prime Minister David Cameron speaks on the events in Libya, outside 10 Downing Street

Leaders: Mustafa Abdel-Jalil, leader of the National Transitional Council, said he did not know where Gaddafi was hiding, while David Cameron said today that the regime is ‘falling apart’

Spring that is going around the Arab nations.

‘And now I say with all transparency that the era of Gaddafi is over.’

Libya's leader Muammar Gaddafi earlier this year

Gaddafi's son Saif Al-Islam in a televised address. Last night he was said to have been captured by rebel forces

Last stand: Gaddafi, pictured in a bunker earlier this year,  is in hiding as rebels close in, while his son Saif Al-Islam, right, was last night captured by the forces

Mohammed Muammar Al Gaddafi, the eldest son of Libyan leader Gaddafi

Al-Saadi Gaddafi, right, the leader's third son has been 'captured' by rebels

Sons: Al-Saadi Gaddafi, right, the leader’s third son has been ‘captured’ by rebels. Eldest son Mohammed Al-Gaddafi reportedly surrendered to the forces last night

Resilient Libyan rebels run for cover from incoming fire as they advance through the town of Maia, 15 miles from Tripoli, yesterday

Dodging bullets: Resilient Libyan rebels run for cover from incoming fire as they advance through the town of Maia, 15 miles from Tripoli, yesterday

A rebel fighter organises fellow troops as they approach the 27th Bridge, close to the centre of Tripoli

Gunmen loyal to Gaddafi run through the grounds of the Rixos hotel in Tripoli

Victory is close: A rebel fighter organises fellow troops as they approach the 27th Bridge, close to the centre of Tripoli. Right, Gaddafi gunmen turn on their heels and run through the grounds of the Rixos hotel in Tripoli

A Libyan rebel walks past a smoldering vehicle belonging to fighters loyal to Gaddafi following gun fights

Damage: A Libyan rebel walks past a smoldering vehicle belonging to fighters loyal to Gaddafi following gun fights yesterday

Cars crowd the street and smoke billows into the air at the rebel-captured 27th Bridge yesterday

Carnage: Cars crowd the street and smoke billows into the air at the rebel-captured 27th Bridge yesterday

The battle for Tripoli

Gaddafi’s oldest son, Muhammad, ran the company which operated all mobile phones and satellites in the country, as well as being head of the Libyan Olympic Committee.

murderous years, was actually moving around a series of bomb-proof bunkers and tunnels beneath the capital.

Libyans living in Turkey today wave the green, red and black former Libyan flags which have become a symbol of the revolution

Support: Libyans living in Turkey today wave the green, red and black former Libyan flags which have become a symbol of the revolution

Libyans and Tunisians demonstrate outside the Libyan embassy in Tunis

Libyans celebrate in Tunisia over reports of gunfire being heard in the Libyan capital

Proud: A Libyan man joins Tunisians outside the Libyan embassy in Tunis, and right, two women celebrate celebrate by waving the rebels’ flag
And even as he was supposed to have taken refuge within the complex – which is reputed to be able to withstand a nuclear attack – the dictator broadcast a message as his troops prepared to mount a last stand.

Gaddafi’s official spokesman had previously lashed out against Britain, France and the U.S. – the three countries leading the campaign to oust the dictator – as he warned of a ‘ghastly disaster’ if rebel forces took Tripoli.

Earlier in the day, sources inside the embattled city said pro-Gaddafi forces had put snipers on the rooftops of buildings around Bab al-Aziziyah, Gaddafi’s secret compound, and on the top of a nearby water tower.

Rebels head towards the gates of Tripoli yesterday. They claimed the dictator had reached 'zero hour' for his reign of terror

Armed to the teeth and baying for Gaddafi’s blood: Rebels head towards the gates of Tripoli yesterday. They claimed the dictator had reached ‘zero hour’ for his reign of terror

A group of Libyan rebels smile and make peace signs as they progress into Tripoli yesterday

Riding to victory: A group of Libyan rebels smile and make peace signs as they progress into Tripoli yesterday

This group of Libyan civilians were on the streets of Maia celebrating the rebels advancement

Jubilant: This group of Libyan civilians were on the streets of Maia celebrating the rebels advancement

His bunker complex is the stuff of Libyan folklore. Tunnels are said to connect vast, cavernous rooms capable of housing tanks, aircraft and weapons.

He also has sleeping quarters in different parts of the complex.

An insight into his desire to seek refuge underground emerged when rebel forces seized control of Benghazi, the country’s second city, in March.

They discovered a series of tunnels and rooms built more than 100 yards below the earth.

But the Tripoli complex is far grander, and some defectors claim there are even tunnels running for hundreds of miles from Gaddafi’s bunker to the south of the country – a possible escape route.

At the start of the uprising, Gaddafi ordered a children’s playground to be built around the secret entrances to the bunker, hoping this would deter targeted Nato airstrikes.

Crucial moments in the struggle to bring freedom to Libya

David Cameron said this morning that the Libyan ‘regime is falling apart and that Gaddafi is in full retreat’.

Diagram and details explaining International Criminal Court indictments against Gaddafi

He added that there was ‘no room for complacency’ and said that there was ‘still lots of work to be done’ in the country.

‘Gaddafi must stop fighting without any cause and show that he has given up and control of Libya.

‘We must do all we can to support the will of the Libyan people. This will be and must be a Libyan lead and Libyan owned process.’

Asked if he felt he was right to commit troops to Libya, Mr Cameron said: ‘There is no room for complacency. There is still much more to be done. This is about them, it’s not about us.’

A spokesman added: ‘Gaddafi has committed appalling crimes against the people of Libya and he must go now to avoid any further suffering for his own people.’

French President Nicolas Sarkozy for the first time invited a Libyan rebel leader to visit Paris on Wednesday, and called on forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi to surrender and support the transition in Libya.

Sarkozy spoke with Mahmud Jibril, from the Libyan rebel-led National Transitional Committee and invited Jibril to visit France the following Wednesday, according to a statement issued by the Elysee Palace.

‘As the developments of the military situation on the ground and defections that multiply in his camp confirmed that the end of Gaddafi and his son’s regime is now inevitable and near, the president of the Republic condemns in the strongest terms the irresponsible and desperate calls of Colonel Gaddafi to continue fighting at all costs,’ the statement said.

OIL PRICES PLUNGE AS REGIME NEARS COLLAPSE

Oil prices plummeted today as Colonel Gaddafi’s regime appeared to be on the verge of collapse.

The price of Brent Crude oil in London plunged more than 3 per cent to $105.5 a barrel this morning. But there is unlikely to be respite at the pumps for beleaguered motorists because it takes weeks for a plunge in the price of fuel to filter through.

The oil markets will be watching carefully and a smooth transition of power in Tripoli likely to send prices falling further. However, there were hopes that an end to the conflict would see the North African country’s oil supplies restored and increase global supplies.

The average price of unleaded is currently 134.9p per litre for unleaded and 139.1p for diesel, according to PetrolPrices.com.

When protests against Colonel Gaddafi’s regime began in February, petrol was six pence cheaper at 128.9p per litre while diesel was 134.3p.

As the conflict escalated, oil prices shot up as the supplies in Libya, the world’s 12th largest oil exporter, were heavily restricted. 

Last year Libya’s oilfields were producing 1.65million barrels per day but output has fallen dramatically.

Around 85 per cent of Libyan oil output was exported to Europe until the revolt disrupted the country’s production.

JOYOUS LIBYANS DANCE IN STREETS OF LONDON

Libyans poured on to the streets of London to celebrate Gaddafi’s fall early today.

Waving red, black and green opposition flags, hundreds gathered along Edgware Road chanted ‘Libya is free!’ and ‘Gaddafi can go to hell!’ into the early hours.

The rebel supporters, including children as young as ten, banged drums and danced in the street. Others draped themselves in flags and chanted passages from the Koran through megaphones.

Ahmed Hmeid, who went to Edgware Road with his family to celebrate as ‘it is the heart of the Arab community in London’, said it had been an emotional day.

The 25-year-old IT consultant, who lives in Hounslow, said: ‘My dad’s been shaking and in tears all day with joy.

We never thought this day would come. We spoke to our family in Libya and usually you can never say anything insulting about Gaddafi, but they were screaming down the phone at us that they are now free.’

His 65-year-old father Mehdi, who moved to the UK from Tripoli 30 years ago, said: ‘We’ve lived for 42 years as a slave to Gaddafi, now we feel free. The Libyan community in this country was close before, but this has made us even closer.’

Another Libyan, Zian Elghuwel, 24, said: ‘I couldn’t believe it. We’re just so happy Libya is free. This is an incredible time.’

In a statement, President Obama said Libya is ‘slipping from the grasp of a tyrant’ as the battle between rebels and Gaddafi has reached a ‘tipping point’.

À propos de kakaluigi

Agé de 66 ans, avec 35 ans passés en Afrique dans la République Démocratique du Congo comme missionnaire. Engagé dans l'évangélisation, le social et l'enseignement aux écoles sécondaires. Responsable de la Pastorale de la Jeunesse, Directeur du Bureau Diocésain pour le Développement (BDD), Directeur d'une Radio Communnautaire et membre du Rateco.

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